Siddhasana - The Accomplished

 

siddha

Etymology

सिद्ध siddha [from sidh]. Accomplisehd, realized; gained, obtained; perfect | Who has reached his goal, realized his objective, accomplisehd his mission | Stable, immutable, eternal | phil. who has gained the supreme purpose | endowed with supernatural, marvellous, or magical vertues — m. who has gained perfection; saint | magician | phil. Accomplished, human being who reached immortality and omniscience after having obtained liberation [moksa] and endowed with magical powers [siddhi]; the siddhās live in Bhuva, the Between-Heaven-and-Earth.

Introduction

Siddhasana is one of the most popular meditation postures. It is useful to learn, since it is used as the practice seat for some of the pranayamas and the mudras. The positions of the legs and the hands also contain the body energies by closing the circuits and allowing awakened vital forces to remain in the system during meditation practice.

Description

  1. Sit down with both legs outstretched.
  2. Bend the left knee and place the sole of the left foot against the right thigh so that the heel touches the perineum (muladhara).
  3. Bend the right knee and put the right heel against the public bone (svadhisthana).
  4. Keep the toes of the right foot in the bend of the left knee, exposing only your right big toe.
  5. Place the hands in gyana mudra (lightly touching the thumb and forefinger of each hand, and extend the other three fingers. Rest the hands on the knees, palms facing up.
  6. The spine should always be held erect.

Energy work

With the physical assistance and energtic loop created by both heels at the level of the two lower chakras, the energy work requires (1) Mulabandha and (2) Vajroli/Sahajoli Mudra.

 

Press firmly the heel of the left foot against the perineum, and the right heel above the lingha. With the chin pressing on the chest, one should sit calmly, having restrained the senses, and gaze steadily at the space between the eyebrows. This is called the Siddha asana, the opener of the door of salvation.
This Siddhasana is performed also by placing the left heel on the Medhra (above the penis), and placing the right one next to it.
Some call this Siddhasana, some Vajrasana. Others call it Mukta asana or Gupta asana.
Just as sparing food is among Yamas, and Ahimsa among the Niyamas, so is Siddhasana called by adepts the chief of all the asanas.
Out of the 84 asanas Siddhasana should always be practiced, because it cleanses the impurities of 72,000 nadis.
By contemplating on oneself, by eating sparingly, and by practicing Siddhasana for 12 years, the Yogi obtains success.
Other postures are of no use, when success has been achieved in Siddhasana, and Prana Vayu becomes calm and restrained by Kevala Kumbhaka.
Success in one Siddhasana alone becoming firmly established, one gets Unmani at once, and the three bonds (Bandhas) are accomplished of themselves.
There is no asana like the Siddhasana and no Kumbhaka like the Kevala. There is no mudra like the Khechari and no laya like the Nada (Anahata Nada).

Hathayoga Pradipika. I. 37-45